Etienne Verbist :Interview with Malihe Tahmasbi, an artist and researcher in the field of art history from Iran, about art projects they have done on the Conceptual art and the concept of art due to the importance of nature in art.
. Ms. Tahmasbi, tell us what do you mean by the Conceptual art and the concept of art given the importance of nature?
Since the beginning of human life, many works of art have remained. These works have been formed to this day for various goals, sometimes for the purpose of hunting and providing food, sometimes to show thoughts, and sometimes to record specific moments. They have remained in caves, historical sites, and museums in various forms and we perceive them in the 21st century. Human beings have a different knowledge of works of art in each historical period, and in the contemporary period, the tendency to abstraction and concept in art is felt more. Referring to the role of the concept of art in the prehistory of history as well as conceptual art in the contemporary world, I have tried to examine the importance of nature in human life.
To answer the question, what is the role of conceptual arts in expressing nature according to the concept of art?
Because the inner nature, man plays an important role in understanding the concepts of life and has been mentioned by philosophers and researchers in their scientific and literary texts. Furthermore, human's understanding of the nature around is also an integral part of human life and survival.
For this reason, in contemporary times, many artists have tried to know man and nature in the form of performance art, art installation, body art and other conceptual arts. Which shows that art has played an important role in conveying concepts and conveying messages in understanding the nature inside and around man to the audience.
How do you think the importance of nature can be conveyed to human societies?
Malihe Tahmasbi Using the language of art, people in society can be led to the importance of nature and respect for it. One of the most important factors is the change in people's lifestyles, which many experts have talked about. But one of the most important lifestyle change options is the way people treat nature and the environment. That the world of art as a visual medium can help change the type of attitude and educate people on the importance of this issue. In the past, our ancestors on earth used the language of myths and the language of art to convey their messages, such as respect for nature and fellow human beings, and conveyed the importance of the subject in this way, and today we call many of them archetypes. In the contemporary world, we have forgotten or ignored many of these past teachings. New societies need a new perspective on how to properly deal with the natural resources before them.
We need to heal man-made wounds on planet Earth and mankind, by preserving and protecting the environment and for a better life in the future. In order to inform the human community, art is one of the most important options for extensive communication due to the speed of message transmission.
Etienne Verbist : According to the explanation given above, what arts can be used to convey a message to people?
Malihe Tahmasbi One of these arts is performance art. Performance art began with the visual arts, such as painting and sculpture, and then moved on to theater. In this type of art, conveying the message is at the forefront of the artist's artistic desire, and therefore to convey it to his audience from all possibilities, including verbal techniques, acrobatic movements, live music or music play, sculpture, painting and anything that can make him uses help in this. The variety of techniques used in performance has led to it being called a subset of concept art.
According to the above explanations, the ritual movements of the people of prehistoric times, according to the formal movements that they performed, and along with these movements, the paintings that they painted on the body (Figure: 1) and the face were a kind of conceptual movement that they wanted to express their intention and desire. They performed formal movements during planting by harvesting the crop for their worshiped deity, which could be the god of wind, rain, earth, stars, and so on. Examples of these formal movements can be seen in the pottery motifs (Figure: 2).
These rituals were considered a kind of respect for the nature around them. In order to convey the message to those around them through these rituals that nature should be respected and nature should be used to the extent of consumption. Hence, the art of performance has had its own application in the past.